Chilli is one of the most valuable crops of India. India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of chillies in the world. India also has the largest area under chilies in the world. Chilies are the most common spice cultivated in India. Chilies are valued principally for their high pungency and color. Pungency in chillies is due to the active constituent "Capsaicin", an alkaloid, is extracted from chillies and is used to medicine. The Indian chilli growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Indian chilli can be grown during entire year at one or other part of the country. Dow AgroSciences offers wide range of products for controlling major insects and diseases in chilli.